Glossary

Bicycle advisory council 

A bicycle advisory council is a representative group of stakeholders that meets regularly to identify, discuss and/or implement best practices for bicycling within an organization. This group can take on a variety of forms, from an informal monthly lunch check-in with bike commuters to an appointed group with official responsibilities.

Bicycle commuter 

A bicycle commuter is a person who rides a bicycle as transportation. This may include employees who bicycle between work and home, students who bicycle to school, and visitors who bicycle to a business.

Bicycle counts 

​Bicycle counts are a simple method of measuring the number of employees or visitors riding to and from

Bicycle Master Plan

A document outlining the long- and short-term goals, strategies, and tactics for bicycling.

Bicycle parking inventory

see the bicycle infrastructure inventory worksheet.

Bicycle parking:

Corral

A bicycle corral is a form of short-term visitor bicycle parking, typically located outdoors and on-street.

Covered bicycle parking protects bicycles and accessories from inclement weather either in an interior room or in an exterior space with a roof that extends far enough to fully protect bicycles from the elements

​Long-term bicycle parking is typically used by employees for storing bicycles for extended periods of time. Security and weather protection are the key factors for successful long-term bike parking because bikes parked for extended periods in unprotected areas face a higher risk of theft and weather-related corrosion. For more information about quality long- and short-term bicycle parking, see the Infrastrucure section of the Best Practices Guide.

Rack

A bicycle rack is specifically designed for securely parking bicycles, and effectively does the following:

- Supports the bicycle in two places

- Is securely anchored to the ground and resists cutting

- Permits the wheel, frame and rack to be locked together with a U-lock.

Secure bicycle parking protects bicycles and accessories from theft. Security can be achieved via any of the following, listed in order of relative security:

(1) In a locked room

(2) In an area enclosed by a fence with a locked gate. The fence must either be 8 feet high or be floor-to-ceiling

(3) Within view of an attendant or security guard

(4) Within 100 feet of an attendant or security guard

(5) In an area that is monitored by a security camera

(6) In an area that is visible from employee work areas

Short-term bicycle parking is a form of bicycle parking characterized by convenience and visibility to visitors and/or customers who park their bikes temporarily. Good short-term bike parking provides a safe and convenient place for visitors and customers to lock their bikes, benefiting both businesses and those who choose to bicycle to them.



Space

A bicycle parking space comfortably secures one bicycle to a designated bicycle rack. It is of note that manufacturers often over-estimate the number of bicycles that can actually be accommodated, based on the placement of the rack and how bicycles are secured to it.

Bicycle-related event

Hosting a bicycle-related event indicates to employees that your organization supports bicycling. Possible events include hosting a bicycle-related class, bike commuting forum, a commute challenge recognition lunch during National Bike Month, a free quarterly breakfast for bicycle commuters, a Bike to Work Day commute station, and more.

Bike buddy system

Many bike commuters begin commuting through encouragement from a friend or co-worker. Likewise, riding to and from work with a co-worker or friend encourages new commuters to make bike commuting a long-term habit. Use informal networking or a message board to match riders with similar commutes together so that they may ride together. Rideshare Online offers a bike buddy program called Ridematch.

Bike to School

A national campaign during National Bike Month geared toward encouraging children to bike to school.

Bike to Work Breakfast

Every May, Cascade Bicycle Club holds its annual Bike to Work Breakfast. The Bike to Work Breakfast is an opportunity for business leaders, elected officials, and bicycle advocates to kick off National Bike Month, celebrate bicycling, and to generate political support for the bike movement. Additionally, the breakfast is a fundraiser for the Cascade Bicycle Club Education Foundation.

Bike to Work Day

Bike to Work Day is a nationally recognized day designed to celebrate bicycling as transportation. Cascade and organizations throughout the Puget Sound coordinate an expansive network of commute stations to provide support to new and seasoned bike commuters. There are many opportunities for organizations to participate in Bike to Work Day. Organizations can hold a commute station on Bike to Work Day, encourage employees to ride to work on that day, or reward employees with a breakfast or lunch for cyclists.

Bikewise.org

Bikewise is an online reporting tool that documents bike crashes, hazards, and thefts. It is useful for collecting data that in in turn sent to local transportation departments and advocates to target infrastructure improvements.

Car-sharing

Car-sharing is a service in which employees have a fleet of shared vehicleseither through employer-owned fleet vehicles or through a Zipcar which is open to the public for temporary use. Employers can subsidize car-sharing as an incentive to reduce drive-alone commuting. Employees may be more likely to bike to work if they know that car-sharing options are available.

Classes

Bicycle education classes can improve bicycling rates by providing employees with the skills, knowledge and confidence to ride safely to work. Cascade Bicycle Club offers a variety of classes taught by professionally certified instructors that can be customized to fit your organization's needs. Classes range from Learning to Ride to Introduction to Bicycle Commuting, Basic Bike Maintenance, Route Finding and more.

Commute Challenge

The Commute Challenge is a workplace-based contest held during National Bike Month in which riders challenge each other to ride their bikes for transportation as much as possible during the month of May. Volunteer team captains form teams of co-workers and friends to track their commute trips on a trip-tracking calendar. Thousands of people participate in this fun and popular contest, about 20% of whom are brand new bike commuters. This highly effective program at getting new and experienced bicyclists to ride more is part of a suite of programs coordinated by Cascade Bicycle Club for National Bike Month.

Commute tracking tool

There are several tools to help track commuting habits among employees, including an internal transportation survey, a Commute Trip Reduction survey, bicycle counts, intercept counts.

Commute Trip Reduction (CTR)

A Washington State law designed to reduce drive alone commute trips by encouraging alternatives to driving. The law requires businesses with 100+ employees to design and implement an employee commute program, as well as to track data such as mode split and commute distance for employees

Commute Trip Reduction (CTR) Survey

A required annual employee commuting survey conducted by Employee Transportation Coordinators at Commute Trip Reduction-affected sites.

Complete Streets

Complete Streets are public infrastructure that safely and equitably accommodate all road users including pedestrians, bicyclists, transit vehicles, and cars. Jurisdictions adopt Complete Streets policies and endeavor to implement Complete Streets design standards when planning capital road improvements. Support from the business community can significantly influence the success of Complete Streets projects.

Comprehensive bicycle plan

A document outlining the long- and short-term goals, strategies, and tactics for bicycling at a worksite or organization. Download a sample comprehensive transportation plan here.

Controlled access

Structures with controlled access are secure areas entered with a key or keycard. Areas with controlled access are great places for long-term bicycle parking and other onsite amenities such as lockers and showers.

Designated bikeway

Designated Bikeways are characterized by exclusive non-motorized use (multi-use trails), exclusive use by bicycles (bike lanes, buffered bike lanes and cycle tracks), or non-exclusive use where bicycles are accommodated with on-street paint, signage or both (sharrows, neighborhood greenways).

Direct financial incentive for bicycling

A very effective way to encourage employees to ride to work is by offering direct financial incentives for biking. There are many ways to distribute direct financial incentives, but one way is to pay employees the cost that they would have incurred by parking their car for a day.

Employee Transportation Coordinator (ETC)

Worksites affect by the Commute Trip Reduction Law are required to appoint an Employee Transportation Coordinator to lead efforts in reducing drive-alone commuting.

Fleet vehicles

Fleet vehicles are a form of car-sharing in which organizations provide a set of vehicles for temporary employee-use. Employers can subsidize fleet vehicle use as an incentive to reduce drive-alone commuting. Employees may be more likely to bike to work if they know that fleet vehicles are available.

Goal [mode split]

An organization sets clearly stated and measurable goals for bicycling. The primary goal a certified organization sets is the goal mode split; the desired percentage of employees commuting by bicycle. The goal bicycle mode split must be greater than the current mode split, and must be accurately measured. The same goal mode split is used in several credits. Find guidance on how to set a goal for your workplace here.

Guaranteed Ride Home program

Employers can offer a Guaranteed Ride Home program, which provides a number of free rides home by taxi or car-sharing vehicle in case of an emergency to employees who do not drive alone to work.

Intercept counts

An intercept count documents the number of people arriving (and/or leaving) your site by bicycle. This not only tells you the number of people riding, but also reveals patterns in their arrival and departure times. See also Bicycle counts.

Internal transportation survey

If your worksite does not otherwise measure employees' commuting habits, you can craft a simple transportation survey like the one below. See also Commute tracking

Lockers

Lockers provide for the storage of personal items such as toiletries and clothing.

Day use lockers must be cleaned out after each workday.

Long-term lockers are assigned to a single individual for long-term storage.

 

Market-rate prices for parking

'Free' parking is never actually free. The costs of building and maintaining parking spaces should be factored into parking fees to reflect the actual costs of motor vehicle parking. Maintaining parking spaces for bicycle parking is minimal compared to motor vehicle parking spaces because bicycles incur significantly less wear and tear to pavement.

Mode split

The percentage of trips made by various modes of transportation among a population. Here, mode split usually refers to the percentage of employee commute trips made by bicycle. Find guidance on measuring bicycling at your business here. Learn about how to calculate your mode split here.

Multi-modal

The use of two or more modes of transportation in a single trip. Here multimodal refers to trips that combine bicycles and transit, including bus, rail and vanpools.

National Bike Month

National Bike Month is an annual national campaign during the month of May celebrating bicycling in all forms. Cascade coordinates a suite of programs designed to encourage and support bicycling for new and experienced riders.

Neighborhood Network

An active partnership with other local worksites to pool resources and ideas to develop any of the following:

  • Shower facilities
  • Locker facilities
  • Events and programming
  • Messaging
  • Bicycle parking
  • A bike buddy system

Onsite amenities

Infrastructure and services provided at a worksite such as showers, lockers, a towel service, hair dryers, and benches for changing.

Rideshare Online

Rideshare Online is a web-based tool that helps commuters connect with others to coordinate non-drive alone commute modes.

Safe Routes to School

Safe Routes to School is a federally funded national campaign dedicated to creating safe and comfortable routes for youth to travel to school.

Shower facility

Quality shower facilities are located inside the worksite or within 200 yards of the entrance with one shower for every 10 bike commuters, with a minimum of one shower accessible to all genders.

Transit subsidy

A type of financial incentive in which an employer covers full or partial cost of a bus, ferry, or light rail fare. Having the option of subsidized transit may help many employees to consider biking to work instead of driving.

Wayfinding signage

Wayfinding signage are signs that help direct commuters to long- and short-term parking, destinations, onsite amenities, and infrastructure.

Contacts: 
Business Engagement
Robbie Phillips
robbiep@cascadebicycleclub.org
(206) 522-9479